Science Stream after 10th: Subjects, Courses and Career Opportunities

Before taking the quintessential decision of stream selection, it is important to go through what is being offered by the streams. If you are interested in exploring more about the Laws of Physics, Formulae of Chemistry, and Structures of Biology, the science stream can be your cup of tea. To end your dilemma on science vs commerce, here is a blog that aims to enlighten you about everything related to the science stream after the 10th!

Science Stream After 10th

Science stream offers you a perfect mix of practical concepts and scientific theories that ultimately builds analytical problem-solving skills. Understanding the various concepts of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology; will help you have a better idea about a bunch of natural and artificial processes around us. With the advancement of technology, many unique fields have sprung from science, such as Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Mechatronics, and many more. Along with these, the traditional ones like Medicine, Engineering, Pharmaceuticals, Computer Science, and Forensic Science are also prevalent among the students.

Science Stream Boards Available in India

The majority of the schools in India offer 4 main boards of education. The difficulty level, as well as the curriculum of all the boards, vary from one another. As per your aptitude level and after analyzing the difficulty level of the particular board, you should opt for one along with the science stream. Listed below are the major board options that you can choose along with the science stream after 10th –

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
  • ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • State Boards

Why Should I Take Science after 10th?

For all the students who are confused in choosing the science stream, the question- ‘why should I take science after 10th’ remains to be a common one. Listed below are a few pointers that may help you find an answer to this question-

  • Getting familiar with subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics will equip you with greater knowledge of natural phenomenon happening in the nature
  • The field tends to develop a practical approach with in the students
  • Science stream is an easy gateway towards Research and Development
  • Combining Maths with subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Biology opens doors to many unique diploma and professional course in Management
  • Opting for science stream can also give you a chance of studying at top universities like IIT, VIT, NIT, DTU, IIIT, etc

Science Stream After 10th: Subjects

Before we go on to understand what are the subjects in the science stream after the 10th, a major point to note is that it offers 2 substreams. Non-medical and Medical are the 2 substreams available. If you want to pursue a career in science but not in Medicine, you can opt for a Non-medical stream. On the other hand, if you are certain of kick-starting a career in medicine, you should choose the Medical stream.

You will be presented with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) if you opt for the medical stream. However, Mathematics remains to be optional. For those choosing non-medical; Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) are the mandatory subjects. The non-medical students can choose one more mandatory subject as per their choice. English/Hindi is a compulsory subject for both fields.

Science Stream after 10th Subjects

Now let us understand in detail what these subjects entail-

  • Physics
    Physics is defined as the study of the structure of matter and how the tiny particles of the universe interact. The curriculum of Physics for class 11th and 12th focus on the topics like motion in a straight line, units of measurements, thermodynamics, kinetic energy, waves and oscillation, laws of motion, motion in a plane, gravitation, mechanical properties of fluids, thermal properties of matter and solids, laws of motion.
  • Chemistry
    Class 11th and 12th Chemistry will no longer only revolve around chemical reactions. During these years, you will be taken through various in-depth theories based on molecules, the structure of atoms, and chemical equations. Alongside these topics, many new topics like equilibrium, hydrogen, classification of elements, hydrocarbons, periodicity properties, redox reaction, e-block and p-block elements, thermodynamics, organic chemistry, and states of matter.
  • Mathematics
    Considered one of the most difficult subjects in classes 11th and 12th, mathematics needs your time and dedication through the journey. Initially, the concepts of this subject will require more focus but, with time you can develop a better hold over the subject. Here are some of the important chapters trigonometric functions, relations and functions, straight lines, linear inequalities, permutations and combinations, probability, statistics, mathematical reasoning, quadratic equations, binomial theorem, conic sections, mathematical induction, limits, and derivatives, and three-dimensional geometry.
  • Biology
    Biology’s curriculum of these classes will open doors to a new world of the living! The core of class 11th will be Botany, whereas, class 12th will focus on Zoology. The chapters for the 11th and 12th can be numbered, but the study of Biology will be vast. Following are the chapter you must be studying during these years living world, plant and animal kingdom, biological classification, gases, body fluids, excretory products, morphology and anatomy of flowering plants, cells, biomolecules, mineral nutrition, plant respiration, growth and development, chemical coordination.

Here is a list of optional subjects for the science stream after class 10th-

  • Home Science
  • Computer Science
  • Economics
  • Physical Education
  • Engineering Design
  • Biotechnology
  • Culinary Arts
  • Psychology
  • Information Practices
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Science Stream After 10th: Courses

There are a variety of courses available after 12th in the science stream ranging from medical to non-medical. To grasp lucrative career options after 10th in the science stream, it is better to get started with the right UG course. Being a medical student, you can pursue courses from the non-medical stream, provided you have studied Mathematics. However, the opposite of it is not possible. Listed below are field-wise science stream-wise courses available after 12th in science-

Non-Medical Courses

  • Bachelor of Technology
  • Bachelor of Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Systems Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics
  • B.Tech Nanotechnology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Software Engineering
  • Diploma in Architecture
  • Marine Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • B.E Mechanical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Construction Technology
  • Naval Architecture
  • Bachelor of Construction Technology
  • Bachelor of Planning

Medical Courses

  • MBBS
  • BDS
  • BSc Veterinary Science
  • Diploma in Clinical Research
  • BSc Nursing
  • BSc Forensic Science
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences
  • Stem Cell Therapy
  • Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy
  • Diploma in Orthopaedics
  • B.Tech Biomedical Engineering
  • B.Tech Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • BSc in Zoology
  • B. Science (Hons) in Zoology
  • BSc in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology
  • BSc in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Paramedical Technology
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • BSc in Aquaculture (Fishery Microbiology)
  • BSc Microbiology
  • BSc Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  • BSc Radiology
  • BSc Biology
  • BSc Agriculture

Common Courses and Career Options in Science Stream after 10th

Listed below are some of the common courses that students pursue after completing their class 12th with science stream-

Course and Career Options Duration Combinations of Subjects Career Path
B.Sc. Nursing 4 Physics, Chemistry and Biology Nurse, Nursing Service Administrators, Assistant Nurse
MBBS 5+ Biology Doctor
BAMS 5+ Physics, Chemistry and Biology Therapist, Public Health Specialist, Lecturer
B. Pharmacy 4 Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology Pharmacist
B.Sc (Hons) Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Zoology, Biochemistry,Electronics, Microbiology, Biomedical Science, Computer Science, Anthropology, Biotechnology, Occupational Therapy and Botany 3 Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology or Computer Science. Research Scientist, Assistant Professor/Lecturer, Lab Technician, IT Jobs, Junior Research Fellow, Analyst
B Tech/BE 4 Physics, Chemistry and Maths Engineer, Database Manager, Information Technology Engineer, Technical assistant, Developer
B.Sc Physiotherapy 4.5 Physics, Chemistry and Biology Physiotherapist, Researcher, Lecturer and Trainer
B.Arch 5 Physics, Chemistry and Maths Architect, Urban Planner, Town Planner, Research Architect
BCA 3 10+2 with Maths and Computer Science Technical Support Executive, Data Assitant, Cyber Security Expert

Education or Teaching Courses

  • Diploma in Elementary Education
  • B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
  • B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education)
  • Primary Teachers Training course

Designing Courses

  • Bachelor of Design (Leather)
  • Bachelor of Design (Accessory)
  • Bachelor of Textile Design
  • Bachelor of Interior Designing
  • Furniture and Interior Design
  • Bachelor of Product Design

Management Courses

  • BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
  • BMS (Bachelor of Management Studies)
  • Integrated BBA + MBA program (5 years duration)
  • BHM (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
  • Retail Management (Diploma)

Law Courses

  • BSc + LLB
  • BTech + LLB
  • BCom + LLB
  • BBA + LLB

Advantages of Pursuing Science Stream After Class 10th

With persistence and hard work, you will be able to crack the rigorous curriculum of science and develop a unique skill set during the course of classes 11th and 12th. Amongst the various benefits of the science stream, the holistic development you will seek is a predominant one. Here are some other advantages of choosing the science stream after class 10th-

  • Unlike other streams, you will be discovering what goes behind those plenty of phenomena that occur in nature, the universe, and the human body
  • Along with conventional courses like Engineering, BSc, and BE; you can also try your hands on relatively newer fields like Data Science, Bioinformatics, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, etc
  • Another leading benefit of pursuing class 12th with a science stream is that you can also explore fields springing from commerce like Economics, Business Studies, Business Management as well as generic ones like Fine Arts, Journalism, Law, etc
  • Contributing to the society through R&D also makes the science stream after 10th a popular choice

Thus, we hope that now you are familiar with what the science stream entails. Pursuing the right stream from the best-match school is surely the right start towards your dream career. Visit UniApply and find the right school with just a few clicks. You can compare school fees, check out their ECAs, find the board of your choice and apply to as many schools of your choice through one single application! Hurry up!

  9 Min Read